Endangered And Nearly Extinct Animals In Nepal

The highest peak or the top of the world Mount Everest ( Sagarmatha) to 70 meters from sea level, here you can find a vast range of diversity of nature. Top of the 8 mountains height above eight thousand meters is here with typical rain forest to the plain paddy field. Nepal is divided into three main regions. And you can find more thousands of species of animals and birds which are living here.

There are many wildlife reserves and conservation area which is strictly conserved and save the wild animals and birds where the government also help them to grow in number, the largest conservation area of Nepal is the Annapurna Conservation area which touches one of the highest mountain and covers an area of 7629 km² and the smallest is Rara national park that covers 106 km². You can find varieties of species in all regions here. The snow leopard is one of the attractions of the Himalayan region that is also in the endangered list, Ghoral, leopard and red panda in mountain or hilly region and wild elephant, Bengal Tigers and many more species in Tarai region.

Many conversations and wildlife areas but there are many animals that are in the endangered list. The government of Nepal has strictly banned those animals to catch and hunt. The list of top Endangered and banned animals of Nepal and they are also in the list of WWF are given below...

Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Unicornis):-This Type of rhinoceros is also known as Indian rhinoceros. They are very huge with fat skin and heavy on the size with an adult that can be 2 to 2.5 plus metric tonnes which is heavier than the car. The perfect breeding and mating age of one-horned rhino are 5 to 7 years for females and for males, it's a little late that is 10 years at this age they are perfectly matured. Some time males Rhino forcefully have sex with a female rhino which may lead to death while they are pregnant. The Greate one-horned rhinoceros main habitat is Chitwan National Park which is also the habitat of many different endangered animals. As World Wide Fund, there are only 600 of them in Chitwan National Park of  2000 the total population. In the late 1960s, the number of One-horned rhino was unbelievably decreased to One hundred and this is the lowest ever recorded in Nepal. The main reason was deforestation or the accessive growth of the population in the Chitwan area and that was the time Chitwan was opened for outsiders after the collapse of Rana.

One-Horned Rhino

In 1961 Government of Nepal established a force, armed rhinoceros patrol
a unit that is doing amazing works as the name  "Gainda Gasti" which means Security For Rhino. Hard work, exertions, and dedication by the Department
of parkland and life conservation area, the amount from a hundred rhinoceros population start to increase bit by bit.

Bengal Tiger ( Panthera tigris spp):-Big cats with black stripes in their body tiger is one of the dangerous animals of the world. Big in size terrific and danger adults Bengal tiger can measure 3 meters from the nose and can weigh amazingly more than 50kg. Tigers mainly prey deer, hog and sometimes birds. They can climb any tree easily as a cat climb, they are a natural swimmer and they can run very fast which helps them to catch their prey. They are very different in nature than other cats and other big cats, they have their own territory and they don't like others in their territory.

Bengal Tiger

In 1964 His stateliness King Mahendra proclaimed Mahendra Mirga Kunj to the southern a part of Chitwan depression. And in 1973 the surround of various animal Chitwan parkland was declared, in 1970 Tiger Ecology project was initially established until currently, they're doing tremendous work. As per the survey, there square measure 198 tigers in the Kingdom of Nepal and 3200 worldwide. And this can be a large increase within the variety by sixty-three percent of the survey from 2009.

Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia):- The name tells everything, this kind of leopard is found only in Himalayas and mountains of central Asia. In Nepal, they are known as Him Chitwa which means Snow Leopard and they commonly found in a remote area of the Himalayan region which are Mugu, Dolpo, Humla, and mustang. There is 350-500 number of snow leopard in Nepal and the stat is increasing day by day here, which means one-tenth of the world population of the snow leopard is in my country Nepal and this is a very proud thing to say. They have a snowy gray body with matching eyes males can be about 35-55kg and females can be 35-40kg.

Snow Leopard 

According to the survey they are only found in 8 mountains of Nepal and sometimes other places as seen by people, which situated in the conservation area of the Himalayan region they are Kangchenjunga conservation area, Annapurna Conversation Area, Manaslu Conservation Area, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Shey Phuksundo National Park, and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve.

Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens):- Red Panda they are different from the common panda that we think black and white stripes with big in size. Red Panda looks like Raccoons with a big fat tail, red in color and few whispers. In Nepal and also in the world this is in the list of the most Endangered animals, they are slightly bigger than cats and weigh up to 6 kg.

Red Panda
Although it is protected globally and Nepal, the Red Panda is still at the top of the endangered list because people killed this innocent animal for skin and fur. Red Panda fouds in Kangchenjunga conservation area, Annapurna Conservation Area, Manaslu Conservation Area, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Kangchenjunga conservation area, Annapurna Conservation Area, Manaslu Conservation Area, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Shey Phuksundo National Park and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve of Nepal.

Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus):- Asian Elephant is the biggest and largest mammals found in Nepal. Weigh up to massive 5000kg they have an excellent memory which helps them to be the third clever animals in mammals family after Human and  Dolphin they have a very long lifespan. Elephants are very social very similar to humans. They always stay in the group and lead by a strong female. Elephants can produce infrasonic sound to communicate with their friends and family members for long-distance. The Asian Elephants have a single finger on the upper lip of the trunk which is unique than the other Elephants.
Endangered And  Nearly Extinct Animals In Nepal

Asian Elephant

Asian Elephants can found mainly four parts of Nepal and some of them migrate from India also. The eastern population  10-15 in number that migrates from West Bengal from July to October, Central population 25 in numbers, western population 40 to 45 in number and far wester 2-18 in number in Churia foothills.

Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus):- This is the species that is related to the crocodile, the Gharial is a peculiar crocodile which means they have pointed mouth like a pencil. fully grown can be up to 3 meters, and they are not interested in humans and other big animals. They prey on fish and small animals that fit on their mouth. Female dig hole to lay an egg, and after three months with suitable temperature, young Gharials break out of the egg and start their life from the sandy cradle.

The Gharials
The Gharial is the most endangered crocodiles in the world. This Gharial crocodile was about to extinct in the 1970s, they are brought back from extension and now the Chitwan National Park is doing amazing things, Today the number is few hundred in Nepal of total 2000 in the world. To help gharial to grow fast in numbers they run the breeding program in Chitwan National Park. First, they collect all the eggs from the nest and at last when they are big enough to avoid most dangers in their habitat, they are released into the wild.

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